googleab4ab0f76be75719.html Weaving Fabrics Showing the Unique Culture of Various Regions in Indonesia - Women's Fashion

Weaving Fabrics Showing the Unique Culture of Various Regions in Indonesia

Woven fabrics as a sustainable cultural heritage

Talking about traditional woven fabrics found in Indonesia seems to never end. That is indeed a fact, how about not if almost all areas inhabited by children of different tribes must be there

has a cultural heritage in the form of woven fabric. Every tribe in each region, has different workmanship techniques, raw materials, patterns, and motifs. Alright, let's talk about it one by one.

Troso Woven Fabrics from Central Java

The Jepara Regency area consists of several sub-districts, in some sub-districts, many people live as craftsmen. In one sub-district there is a village known as a teak wood carving craftsman and in another village known as a Traso woven fabric craftsman.

Troso Weaving  from Indonesia

Troso woven fabric is woven from the Troso area, Jepara district in Central Java. It is not known with certainty when and how the origin of Troso woven fabric was, but there are allegations that Troso weaving was influenced or even brought from eastern Indonesia, such as Sumba in West Nusa Tenggara and Timor Island in East Nusa Tenggara. The record only mentions the Troso woven fabric made by the Troso village community since the early 20th century.

When it is known as it is now, Tenun Troso applies the ikat technique, although at first the people in this village used the Gedok technique for the weaving process. The difference between the Gedok weaving technique and the Ikat weaving technique lies in the technique of dyeing the yarn.

In the Gedok weaving technique, the yarn in the skein is completely immersed in the dye, so that each skein of yarn represents one color. The technique of coloring in Ikat Tenun is to tie the thread in a knot according to the planned pattern, the knot that has been formed is then carefully dipped one by one in the dye liquid. The purpose of tying the thread into a knot is as a barrier so that the dye does not hit other parts.

The pattern theme that was raised in the Troso weaving motif was initially in the form of classic themes such as taro leaves, fir trees, and nagasari, but in line with time, many contemporary themes are used.

Buna Insana Weaving Fabric from Timor Island

In East Nusa Tenggara there is a cultural heritage that the residents of the area are proud of, the cultural heritage is in the form of weaving fabrics that are made by residents based on the skills taught by their ancestors long ago.

Insana Weaving from Indonesia
The name Insana was adopted from the name of an ancient kingdom that once stood in East Nusa Tenggara, precisely on the island of Timor. It is estimated that around the 16th century, (currently its position is in the North Central Timor Regency).  Besides Insana weaving, other well-known products from the Insana sub-district are corn and sandalwood

Through a long historical journey on earth timor where the Insana Weaving fabric began to be known and preserved until now. The insane weaving is made from cotton yarn which is the result of local farmers' plantations.

The richly colored Insana woven fabric has two types of patterns, the first is the Sotis pattern and the second is the Buna pattern.                                                                                          In the Sotis pattern, the weaving pattern focuses on the form of ribbons or straight lines in the reflection motif. Another motif placing the same two images in two different spaces, opposite each other or facing each other.

In the Buna pattern, the motif depicts a geometric shape in the form of a rectangle and a diamond as outlined in the reflection motif.                                                                        

The specialty of Insana weaving is that it is made with hand embroidery techniques, in addition to the use of color, Insana weaving uses bright colors that represent joy. One more thing, Insana's woven fabric visually looks artistic in its strong beauty.

Currently, Insana woven fabrics are available in two types of raw material preparations, the first using raw materials in the form of cotton which is traditionally processed into yarn, and the second from raw materials in the form of fabricated yarn.

Weaving Rangrang Nusa Penida

So far, people only know about Balinese weaving in general, even though Balinese weaving has various styles that come from different cultural roots. Some examples of Balinese woven fabrics are Gringsing weaving fabrics, Balinese Songket weaving fabrics, and Endek weaving fabrics. There is one more type of woven fabric that has escaped attention, namely Rangrang weaving, Rangrang weaving is produced by the people who inhabit the island of Nusa Penida in the southeast of the island of Bali.

Rangrang Weaving from Indonesia

The island of Bali and the island of Nusa Penida is separated by the Badung Strait at a distance of about 35 km (about 18 miles). To get to Nusa Penida Island from Bali you can use sea transportation (ferry, boat, or speed boat).

The bright colors of red, orange, and purple are the hallmarks, which makes the Rangrang weaving look festive. The pattern that dominates the weaving of Rangrang is a geometric pattern that describes the hilly and mountainous landscape of Nusa Penita. Another characteristic that marks the weaving of Rangrang is the small holes in the woven fabric

Before the name Rangrang weaving was known, the people of Nusa Penida called this woven cloth the name Cerik-bolong which means holes or translucent. Then the name Cerik-bolong changed to Nyrangnyang and finally became Rangrang weaving as it is known today. In doing this Rangrang weaving, craftsmen in Nusa Penida use a traditional loom called Cagcag.

If you have the opportunity to see the current Rangrang weaving collection, you will see various contemporary motifs with more variations, including rainbow motifs, stripes, rectangles, diamonds, crosses, and several other motifs. There are two preparations for the use of color, the first is Rangrang woven with natural dyes and the second is Rangrang woven with synthetic dyes.


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